How to Determine Your Skin Type and Take Care

How to determine your skin type and take care of it properly (+ contest)


There comes a time when the scale of the thermometer bar no longer rises above 5 degrees, and when you go out into the yard, the cold starts to bite, everyone realizes that it is time to retreat their winter clothes: gloves, scarf, hat ...

However, no matter how we try to hide, 

  • facial skin usually remains unprotected from the cold. 
  • Scaly, sensitive, dry-stained skin - familiar winter satellites, with which the hands usually bend over. 
  • Avon spoke to beautician Kristina Ruškytė to learn more about skincare features, mistakes and advice on how to care for facial skin in winter.

How to determine the type of facial skin?

We can determine the type of skin by the size of the pores of the skin, its oily sheen, its location or absence, as well as by the thickness, contamination or scaling of the skin. If the skin is pink, smooth, soft and elastic, has no oily shine and acne, there is no feeling of stretching, it can be said that such skin is normal. However, only a few women have normal skin.


  • The most common skin type is a combination. 
  • It is a mixture of dry, normal and oily zones. 
  • The so-called T-zone is usually oily, while other parts of the face are of normal skin type or drier. 
  • This type of skin is the most difficult to care for because different areas have to be cared for differently.

Oily skin

  • Another skin type is oily skin. 
  • This type of skin is usually characterized by open, enlarged pores, shiny skin, oily surface, even sticky.
  • Such skin is yellowish or grayish in color. 
  • Well, those women who complain of skin stretching, itching, or frequent skin irritation have dry skin. It is thin, smooth, clean.

What is the difference between dry, combination and oily skincare?

Dry skin

  • Dry skin should be treated very gently. 
  • It needs to be moisturized, nourished with moisturizing, nourishing, protective creams to restore the lipid film that protects the skin. 
  • The cleanser should be oily, the milk mild, tonic or lotion - moisturizing and non-alcoholic to prevent further drying of the skin. 
  • It is also advisable to choose scrubs that are gentle, enzymatic and use them only once every two weeks.

Oily skin

  • Unlike dry skin, oily skin does not require gentle care. 
  • Women with oily skin should try to regulate the activity of the sebaceous glands, cleanse and shrink pores, give the skin a matte tone. 
  • Choose gel-textured cleansers with antibacterial additives that contain tea tree, peppermint, lavender or Aloe vera oil. 
  • Also avoid a tonic that contains alcohol, because although the skin is oily, alcohol can extract moisture, and it is very necessary for any skin type. 
  • The tonic should be moisturizing, disinfecting, and acne can be applied to tea tree or lavender oil. The exfoliator for oily skin can be used in any way - both simple and enzymatic. 
  • They can be used 2-3 times a week. It is also recommended to consult a professional cosmetologist, which would perform chemical scrubs with fruit or glycolic acids. 
  • It is recommended to choose the cream in the form of a light texture, emulsion.

Combination skin

  • The hardest part is caring for combination skin because it requires different care for different areas. 
  • Consequently, different measures need to be used for each zone. 
  • However, skincare products are also produced for combination skin, which can be used to boldly apply to the entire facial skin. 
  • These are usually mild moisturizers.

  Also Read: 22 Things women with good skin do every day  

Why moisturize combination and oily skin? She looks too wet anyway.

It may appear too greasy but not too moist. Moisture is needed for any type of skin. And even oily skin can be dehydrated, especially if improper, dehydrating agents are used for a long time.

What problems do customers most often face in the winter?

When the weather is cold and the heating season begins, customers usually complain of dehydrated, reddened skin. There is an increase in the sensitivity of the skin, a feeling of stretching, as well as small red spots and ruptured capillaries.

What are the threats to young and mature skin in winter? Is her care different in the winter?

  • Both young and mature skin, improperly cared for, can dry out, red, and irritate. 
  • Mature women usually have dry skin, and young skin type is usually oily or a combination. 
  • So mature skin requires more care not only in winter but also in all seasons. 
  • With age, the rate of cell division slows down, regeneration processes and collagen production slow down, so the skin loses its firmness and elasticity.
  • As the skin ages, the amount of water in the cells decreases and the metabolism slows down. 
  • Therefore, for mature skin, it is worth choosing more active cosmetics: use active serums and concentrates regularly, choose cosmetics with phytohormones. 
  • Young skin also requires proper care. Young skin needs to choose creams that protect against UV rays, harmful environmental factors. 
  • Skincare products should be rich in antioxidants, vitamins, especially C. It should be borne in mind that both young and mature skin needs more than just external care. 
  • To make the skin brighter, smoother and more beautiful, you should take food supplements, vitamins A, E, C, Q10, B5, eat properly and drink plenty of water.

  Also Read: Whiten Skin of Striped Hands and Feet   

What is the difference between a morning facial care ritual in summer and winter?

  • In the summer, you should choose lighter-textured products that do not clog pores and do not form an oily layer on the skin. 
  • In cold weather, dry skin needs hydration, nourishment and frost protection, for example, in the morning to choose a greasy, frost-resistant oil-based cream. 
  • The oily nourishing cream creates a protective film and prevents moisture from evaporating. 
  • However, oily oil cream should not be used in a warm environment, as it aggravates the skin, can clog pores.
  • When you are in a warm room during the day and at night, it is worth using a moisturizer, it allows the skin to breathe normally and saturates the skin with moisture. 
  • Unlike dry skin, oily creams are not suitable for oily skin because oily skin already releases a lot of fat. 
  • The best choice for a winter morning is a protective cream for oily, combination skin.

Is it healthy to moisturize the skin before going out in the yard during the cold season?

  • It is not recommended to apply moisturizer before going outside. 
  • It is water-based, absorbs into the skin very quickly and does not form any protective lipid film, the skin can become even drier. 
  • Before going outside, Avon's Anew Nutri Advanced nourishing cream is perfect, its oily base - the skin becomes protected and as if it acquires a strengthening skin barrier that protects from strong winds and low temperatures. 
  • As I mentioned, a moisturizer is very much needed in the winter, but it should be used in the evening.

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